Bachelor of Dental Surgery

  • Total # of Credit hours
    200

Program Overview

This is a five-year undergraduate program leading to the degree of Doctor of Dental Surgery (DDS). The study program and curriculum is at par with that of renowned international universities and dental institutes.

Program Objectives

The DDS program aims to:

  1. educate and train a new generation of competent dental surgeons, who will be able to provide high quality comprehensive oral healthcare with emphasis on prevention

  2. emphasize on the prevention and early detection of oral and dental diseases as an integral part of the curriculum

  3. provide educational experiences for students using a comprehensive patient care model

  4. provide community dentistry services that meet world-class standards

  5. establish national recognition in term of academia by the concerned authorities and the public

Admission Requirements

Admissions Criteria for Undergraduate Programs

  1. A minimum High School Average of 85% for Advanced Track or 80% for Elite Track or equivalent in Standardized International Systems is required with no admission of General Track applicants.

  2. An Emirates Standardized Test (EmSAT) score of 1100 for English Language or an equivalent English Proficiency Test approved by the CAA.

  3. An EmSAT score of 800 for Arabic Language. Alternatively, the international students can register for a non-credited Basic Arabic Language course at the institution.

  4. An EmSAT score of 900 in Mathematics or equivalent, plus scores of 900 in two of the three science subjects (Chemistry, Biology or Physics). In the case that EmSAT scores in Mathematics and two science subjects are not available, a candidate shall sit an equivalent Admission Exam designed by the College of Dentistry which includes Chemistry, Biology, Physics and Mathematics.

  5. Passing a personal interview set by the College of Dentistry.

  6. Conditional admission will be allowed for not achieving the Arabic Language EmSAT score but not for English Language, Mathematics and science subjects (or equivalent admission test in these subjects) or overall High School Certificate, as above.

Enrollment and Graduation Data
  Academic Year
Students 2014-2015 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Enrollment 196 151 178 190 191
Graduation 188 157 180 156 165
Career Opportunities

Graduates of the College will have a wide range of career opportunities to choose from, in addition to continuing higher education (Masters and PhD degrees) in one of the following specialties:

  • Endodontics

  • Periodontics

  • Prosthodontics

  • Operative Dentistry

  • Pediatric Dentistry

  • Orthodontics

  • Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

  • Oral Radiology and Oral Medicine

  • Dental Public Health

  • Implantology

  • Aesthetic Dentistry

  • Oral Pathology

Graduates may wish to take advanced courses in Oral Surgery, Implantology and other clinical specialties, or they may choose to work in research facilities.

Those who prefer to practice in UAE will be able to do so provided that they pass the UAE Licensing Exams. Graduates are subject to the regulations of the UAE licensing authorities with regard to the type of examination and certification criteria.

Graduation Requirements

Students will be awarded the Doctor of Dental Surgery (DDS) degree upon fulfillment of the following requirements:

  1. Completing successfully the required credit hours (199 Credit Hours), including the University requirement courses, with an accumulative grade point average (AGPA) not less than C, otherwise students should take, during the following semester(s), clinical subjects as suggested by the academic advisor to fulfill this graduation requirement.

  2. Completing successfully the required clinical cases during the clinical phase in addition to the mandatory two months internal clinical training during summer.

  3. Submitting & defending a research project before an academic committee of the College.

Degree requirements

The Doctor of Dental Surgery (D.D.S.) degree requires the completion of 199 Credit Hours, distributed according to the following plan:

Type of Courses

Credit hours

1. University General Education Requirements

 

(a) University Required Courses

15

(b) University Elective Courses

9

2. College Requirements

175

TOTAL

199

Program Learning Outcomes

The DDS program at AU-College of Dentistry is only delivered as a full time program. The College of dentistry offers access to e-learning (MOODLE) as a supplementary tool to its traditional face-to-face pedagogy. The effectiveness of the program is evaluated against the program learning outcomes which have been aligned with the UAE Qualifications Framework (UAEQF) and are consistent with the defined level of the degree.

DDS PROGRAM LEARNING OUTCOMES
KNOWLEDGE

On successful completion of the Doctor of Dental Surgery program, graduates will be able to:

  1. Express coherent knowledge, capabilities and limitations of specialization areas in dentistry.

  2. Describe the importance of prevention, treatment and management of oral and dental diseases.

  3. Use the factual and theoretical knowledge in basic medical and dental sciences and allied sciences to gather information from patient as part of history taking and patient examination in order to decide appropriate investigation and decide a suitable course of treatment within the scope of a general dental practice.

  4. Identify the integration and importance of the basic medical and allied sciences such as psychology and behavioral sciences to dentistry.

  5. Demonstrate a broad knowledge of the fundamental concepts, theories and principles in research projects and protocols complying with ethical principles.

SKILL
  1. Demonstrate effective technical and analytical skills using evidentiary and procedural based processes to perform appropriate dental procedures independently and safely in a general dental practice setting.

  2. Practice promotion of oral health and prevention of related disorders.

  3. Demonstrate highly developed communication skills to explain or critique complex and unpredictable matters related to oral health and disease.

  4. Demonstrate accurate record keeping and how to source and analyze information relevant to effective clinical practice.

  5. Practice ethical, professional and legal responsibilities and display appropriate attitudes and behavior.

  6. Evaluate, select and apply appropriate methods of clinical research in relation to oral health and disease.

COMPETENCE

Autonomy and Responsibility

  1. Show responsibility and independent technical and clinical decision-making to evaluate and manage complex and unpredictable clinical work appropriate to a primary care practice.

  2. Illustrate adherence to current best practice methods in a mature manner.

Role in Context

  1. Recognize the importance of appropriate leadership roles, manage and take accountability of the team involved in patient care.

  2. Demonstrate responsibility and supervise the professional activity and mentoring of allied dental health personnel.

Self-development

  1. Engage in self-evaluation and professional development apt for general dental practice or towards specific specialization.

  2. Value professional ethics, positive criticism and feedback, and engage in a life-long learning.

Courses Descriptions

1) PHY181 Physics / Dentistry (3 cr. /h.)

The course is designed to cover the basic concepts in most branches of classical mechanics, electricity and thermodynamics as well as some of modern physics concepts applicable to x-ray, lasers and radioactivity. Finally, x-ray, lasers, radioactivity and applications of these concepts in dentistry will also be covered.

2) PHA145 General Chemistry / Dentistry (3 cr. /h.)

This course presents the fundamentals of certain topics in general chemistry. It includes two major parts: Part I is the general part, and Part II is the organic part. The general part will introduce the student to basic aspects of general chemistry, i.e. the atomic structures, electronic configuration, periodic table of elements, chemistry of metals, and the fundamentals of chemical bonds and chemical reactions. The organic part covers some important areas in organic chemistry, which include aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons, stereochemistry, as well as some functional groups, e.g.: alcohols, phenols, carbonyl compounds.

3) PHA155 Biochemistry / Dentistry (4 cr. /h.)

The course is designed to provide a comprehensive survey of the major topics in biochemistry. It explores how the structure of proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids, and vitamins relates to their function. Metabolism and energy production as well as biosynthesis of small and macromolecules is discussed. Special topics such as Calcium metabolism, bone mineralization, and Dental caries are included.

4) PHA232 Pharmacology-I / Dentistry (2 cr. /h.)

This course will introduce the general aspects of pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. Students will also learn basic pharmacotherapy for relevant disorders of cardiovascular system, CNS, endocrine system, gastrointestinal system, including asthma and drugs of abuse that are pertinent to practice of dentistry.

5) PHA233 Pharmacology-II / Dentistry (2 cr. /h.)

This course is designed to teach the students the various drugs used to control the pain and anxiety of dental patients as well as those used for treatment of different oral conditions. A special emphasis is made on the clinical indications, dosage, potential side effects and drug-interactions. The course will also highlight the importance of standard practice in prescription writing to ensure both effectiveness of the treatment and patient safety.

6) DDS101 English for Special Purposes - Dentistry (3 cr./h.)

This course aims at preparing the students of Dentistry College to cope with the kind of English needed in the real life situations and field of specializations in the future. It enables the students to practice the four skills. The course develops the students' competence through using the language resource room, CD ROMs, the internet and some other audio-visual facilities.

7) DDS201 Psychology & Behavioral Sciences (3 cr. /h.)

This course aims at providing dentistry students with an insight of psychology, and helps them to observe, evaluate and explain the behavior of people in relation to oral/dental health care in particular. The students are provided with information regarding basic psychological concepts, psychological disturbances and disorders, management techniques and their application specifically in the field of dentistry and healthcare. It is designed to be helpful to dental students by providing them an understanding of the people (patients and dental team members) they will come across in their dental practice/career. This will allow them to better understand the feelings and thoughts of their patients and help them relax and be comfortable during dental treatments.

8) DDS102 Integrated Biological Sciences - I (3 cr. /h.)

This course deals with the study of two complementary branches of biology, human anatomy and human physiology which provide the basic concepts helping dental students understand how the human body is developed, the way it is built up and how it works. Objectives of this course are to develop the foundational knowledge and basic concepts necessary to independently perform the diagnostic and clinical skills.

9) DDS104 Integrated Biological Sciences-II (4 cr. /h.)

This course is intended to help the dental students to understand the basic concepts of Anatomy & Physiology simultaneously, with emphasis on topics related to the dental practice. The course covers the study of the main body systems with great emphasis on the applied & the practical aspects. The teaching tools include CD presentations, Power points presentations, videotapes & Internet explorations.

10) DDS103 Histology & Cell Biology (3 cr. /h.)

This course provides students with general knowledge about the cell and various cellular organelles, and the characteristic structure of each organelle that enable it to perform essential functions within the cell. The students are also provided with wide knowledge concerning the morphological features of the four primary tissues and recognize their roles in forming organs. A basic knowledge of cell division, general embryology and genetics integrates the above information.

11) DDS105 Oral Histology (4 cr. /h.)

This course describes in details the development and structure of the oral cavity and teeth. Students are provided with the basic concepts of oro-facial development and structures. The microscopic, histological and ultrastructural organizations of soft and hard oral tissues are studied in details. A considerable knowledge of functional and clinical correlation is also stressed.

12) DDS106 Head & Neck Anatomy I (3 cr. /h.)

The course is intended to help the dental student to study & understand the basic terms & facts about the gross anatomy of the head and neck region of human body. The course includes the study of the detailed structures of the skull, the head & their nerve and blood supply. Also, the course includes full descriptions of the various muscles & glands of the face, orbit, nasal cavity, oral cavity, floor of the mouth, palate and tongue. In general, the course will provide the dental student with the fundamental detailed structures of the skull & head as related to dental practice.

13) DDS202 Head & Neck Anatomy II (3 cr. /h.)

The course deals with the description of the head & neck region including brain & spinal cord. The main elements are the nerves & vessels, lymphatic drainage, fascial spaces and muscles of neck, the pharynx and larynx with special reference to the anatomical basis of the management of upper airway obstruction and related radiology. Further it provides the relevant details of pain physiology, brain, spinal cord their development and cranial nerves function and test. In general the course will provide the basis to the dental practice involving the anatomical structures.

14) DDS203 Microbiology & Immunology (4 cr. /h.)

The course covers the fundamentals of microbiology with emphasis on oral microbiota, pathogens & defense mechanisms in the dental environment. The basics of immunology including the immune system & organisms of medical & dental significance; virus structure & classification, viral pathogenesis & mechanisms of host defense; hygiene covering pathogenesis of bacterial, infections, etiology, clinical picture, lab diagnosis, treatment, prevention and control of diseases caused by the different bacteria, are also discussed.

15) DDS204 Pathology (3 cr. /h.)

This course covers the fundamentals of the basic disease process in the body. Students are provided with gross, microscopic & biochemical features of different pathological conditions. Objectives of this course are to study and understand different pathogenic processes in details in order to establish a sound foundation for clinical practice in dentistry. Teaching tools include power point plus projection, practical lessons with CD presentations & internet explorations.

16) DDS206 General Medicine (4 cr. /h.)

This comprehensive course covers topics specific to the medical field, with interest to medically compromised patient as related to dental care. Students are provided with basic concept of general medical & infectious diseases. Teaching tools include: power point plus projection, practical lessons with CD presentations & internet explorations.

17) DDS207 General Surgery & ENT (2 cr. /h.)

The course is intended to help dental students to study & understand the basic principles of surgery & ENT in relation to Dentistry and Oral and maxillofacial Surgery. The course includes the knowledge of the theoretical & practical approaches to the assessment of surgical and how to perform an effective risk assessment preoperatively based on the information obtained from case history, clinical examination, investigations in relation to the anaesthetic potential risks and also the invasiveness of the planned surgery. Also, the student will identify the pathology of tumors, cysts, fistulae, sinuses & ulcer in head and neck region. Information about trauma, tissue repairs & preoperative management of inpatients like administered fluids, water balance monitoring and indications and possible complications of blood transfusion are also included within the course. In addition, the student will study the various common diseases of the ear, nose, paranasal sinuses & pharynx. Finally the students will learn the common postoperative complications seen in surgical patient whether due to anaesthesia, the surgical intervention or those initiated or aggravated by the existing morbid conditions of surgical patients.

18) DDS208 Introduction to Oral & Dental Diseases (3 cr. /h.)

This is an introduction to profession of dentistry. This course provides students with knowledge and understanding of oral and dental diseases, their etiology, pathogenesis and different stages of these lesions and their clinical manifestations.

19) DDS209 Dental Anatomy & Occlusion (4 cr. /h.)

This course deals with nomenclature as related to the morphology of the natural dentition. It includes theory related to the morphology of the deciduous & permanent teeth in the human dentition & features related to the normal occlusion. Laboratory exercises include wax-adding & carving to build up the crowns of permanent teeth, analyze occlusal patterns and correct occlusal disharmonies. Its significance is integrated with dental treatment in Operative dentistry, Endodontics, Prosthodontics, Periodontics and Orthodontics. This course will help students in diagnosing dental disorders affecting the crowns or roots of human teeth & thus forms a basic foundation to the understanding of clinical dentistry. The study of occlusion part of this course involves the whole masticatory system, it includes the static relationship of teeth as well as the functional inter-relationship between teeth, periodontal, tissue, jaws, temporomandibular joints (TMJ), muscles and nervous system.

20) DDS205 Biomaterials (2 cr. /h.)

The course is designed to provide students with knowledge to define and memorize the physical, chemical, and biological properties of dental materials. The program emphasizes on employment of concepts in modern materials science to solve problem of dental treatment.

21) DDS211 Oral Radiology-I (3 cr. /h.)

This course discusses the basic principles of X-ray production, the biological effects of ionizing radiation and radiation safety.This course demonstrates the intraoral radiographic techniques and prepare the students learn to take intraoral radiographs. Objectives of this course are to devolop the fundamental knowledge of x ray production and skill to independently perform the radiographs and interpretation of normal intraoral radiographic anatomy.

22) DDS301 Pre-Clinical Operative Dentistry I (3 cr. /h.)

The main components of this course are the principles of cavity preparation for the currently available restorations according to their physical and manipulative characteristics and the steps of cavity restorations. The restorative department during the two semesters of the third year provides them.

23) DDS309 Pre-clinical Operative Dentistry II (3 cr. /h.)

This course consists of two main components, the principle of cavity preparations for the currently available restorations and their physical and manipulative characteristics and cavity restorations. The restorative department during the two semesters of the third year provides them.

24) DDS302 Pre-Clinical Prosthodontics I (4 cr. /h.)

This is a dental technology course consist of lectures and pre-clinical laboratory practical sessions .Terminology, nomenclature, theories, principles, concepts and basic techniques necessary for the construction of complete denture service will be presented. The course is designed to prepare the student to understand the biological, esthetic and mechanical aspects of complete dentures treatments. Correlation of basic science concepts as related to mechanical and clinical conditions will be stressed.

25) DDS310 Pre-Clinical Prosthodontics II (3 cr. /h.)

This course provides both didactic and practical sessions in dental technology. Students will be introduced to the dental skills laboratory (phantom head or the simulator). Lectures cover all the procedures of teeth preparation for fixed restorations, and the use of equipment and instruments needed for the construction of all types of fixed prosthodontics. More emphasis will be directed to the principles of tooth preparation. Included in the course a practical sessions for the training of the students on how to prepare abutment teeth, apply impression techniques and making provisional restorations.

26) DDS303 Pre-Clinical Endodontics I (2 cr. /h.)

The theoretical part covers topics which include an introduction to the subject, anatomy and morphology of the root canal system, access cavity preparation, cleaning and shaping of the root canal systems and it lays emphasis on possessing thorough knowledge of the various endodontic instruments. The pre-clinical practical component focuses on the treatment of anterior and premolar teeth. This prepares and enables students to be competent in treatment of clinical endodontic cases in the next year.

27) DDS311 Pre-Clinical Endodontics II (2 cr. /h.)

The theoretical part covers topics which include root can obturation, endodontic microbiology, endodontic mishaps management, pulp and periapical pathology, diagnosis and diagnostic procedures. The pre-clinical lab/practical component focuses on performing endodontic procedures on molars. This prepares the students to perform basic endodontic procedures prior to entering the clinics in next year.

28) DDS210 Four Handed Dentistry & Infection Control (2 cr. /h.)

Four Handed Dentistry

This course describes the concept and advantages of four handed dentistry. It describes the ergonomic position for the patient, dental assistant and doctor and explain the responsibilities of the dental assistant during clinical dental work. The course also describes the ergonomic arrangement of dental clinic.

Infection Control:

This course explains the different ways of transmission of infectious diseases and emphasis on the immunization of all oral health care providers. The course describes the sterilization methods in dental practice, application of protective barriers, personal protective equipment and infection control during all clinical dental procedures.

29) DDS304 Preventive Dentistry & Nutrition (4 cr. /h.)

The Preventive Dentistry and Nutrition course introduces the student to the principles and methods of prevention including information on etiology of dental caries, periodontal diseases and methods of preventing and controlling dental diseases through a preventive treatment plan and health education programs. In addition, this course provides the students with a basic knowledge of the essential nutrient materials in both health and disease, and discusses the role of the nutrition on the development, prevention and treatment of the oral and dental diseases.

30) DDS305 Pre-Clinical Pediatric Dentistry I (2 cr. /h.)

This course introduce pediatric dentistry as an essential branch of dentistry related to child patients mainly focusing on the development and growth of oral/facial structures of children and recognizing the chronology of primary and permanent dentition. Different types of dental anomalies have been described with their genetic aspects. Child abuse and neglect are discussed in relation to pediatric dentistry. Psychological management, examination, diagnosis and treatment planning of child patient are introduced.

31) DDS312 Pre-Clinical Pediatric Dentistry II (2 cr. /h.)

This course discusses radiographic as well as local anesthetic techniques used for child patient which needs specific modifications. Management and treatment of dental caries with different types of cavity preparations have been discussed. Also it describes vital and non –vital pulp therapy for primary teeth which considered an important issue in restoration and prevention of primary teeth extraction, on the other hand in case of loss of the primary teeth it is necessary to plan arch space analysis and construction of space maintainer to prevent space loss.

32) DDS313 Pre-Clinical Orthodontics (2 cr. /h.)

The course will introduce the third year dental student to the fundamentals of orthodontics, including topics on the concepts of growth and development of the craniofacial structures, etiology of orthodontic problems, biological basis of orthodontic therapy, and clinical features of different malocclusions. This course is also designed to give the student a basic understanding of the skills required to fabricate removable orthodontic appliances that are typically indicated for limited tooth movement and retention in interceptive orthodontics.

33) DDS306 Pre-Clinical Periodontics-I (1 cr. /h.)

This course describes in details the anatomy of periodontium and associated structures. Students are provided with the basic concepts of periodontal health. The microscopic, histological and ultrastructural organizations of soft and hard oral tissues are studied in detail. Basic knowledge of functional and clinical correlation is also stressed.

34) DDS314 Pre-Clinical Periodontics-II (2 cr. /h.)

In this course lectures and practical training are given to students to expose them to immune response (host response) and periodontal pathogenesis. A complete spectrum of periodontal lesions and their pathogenicity, plaque control, trauma from occlusion, food impaction and halitosis are to be stressed.

35) DDS307 Pre-clinical Oral Surgery-I & Pain Control (2 cr. /h.)

This preclinical course introduces the student to oral surgery and prepares him/her for clinical experience with dentoalveolar surgery. The student will learn to assess the patient, diagnose and treat basic oral surgical problems encountered in general practice. In addition to this, the goal of this course is to learn the pharmacology and toxicology of dental local anesthetic drugs and the proper techniques for their administration during dental extraction and related procedures.

36) DDS315 Pre-Clinical Oral Surgery-II & C.P.R (3 cr. /h.)

The purpose of this course is to prepare the student to recognize advanced oral and maxillofacial surgery problems. Upon the completion of this course, the student will be able to formulate diagnosis and treatment plans in order to provide surgical care within the context of a patient-centered system of care delivery. In addition, this course will promote surgical principles and techniques to correct the pathologic conditions mentioned here. The course also emphasizes the principles and application of skills in basic life support, external cardiac compression and the emergency medical systems. Students will learn how to evaluate and treat a patient who sustains cardiac arrest in the dental office or an airway obstruction, through the techniques of CPR and Foreign Body Airway Obstruction.

37) DDS308 Oral Pathology-I (3 cr. /h.)

This course deals with the understanding of the basic disease processes affecting the head & neck regions. The etiopathogenesis, clinical features & histopathologic features of developmental disorders, non-odontogenic & odontogenic lesions, cysts & infections related to the teeth, their supporting structures, jaw bones & soft tissues in & around the oral cavity will be dealt with. It also includes the oral manifestations of systemic diseases, like mucocutaneous disorders. The differential diagnosis & prognosis of various pathologies will also be considered.

38) DDS316 Oral Pathology-II (3 cr. /h.)

This course is a continuation of Oral Pathology I. Students will continue learning the etiopathogenesis, clinical features & histopathologic features of non-odontogenic & odontogenic lesions, cysts & tumours related to the teeth, their supporting structures, jaw bones & soft tissues in & around the oral cavity. The oral manifestations of physical & chemical injuries to the oral tissues will also be detailed. The differential diagnosis & prognosis of various pathologies will also be considered.

39) DDS407 Oral Radiology-II (2 cr. /h.)

The course deals with the acquisition and interpretation of radiographic imaging studies performed for diagnosis of conditions affecting the oral and maxillofacial region and assist in treatment planning.

40) DDS401 Clinical Operative Dentistry-I (2 cr. /h.)

The course of operative dentistry consists of the diagnosis, prevention, treatment, and prognosis of the diseases and injuries inflicted upon the teeth. Also includes the study of basic concepts of restoration relation to oral and dental tissues and the various restorative materials. The curriculum includes both didactic and clinical components over a period of two semesters, and involves a clinical training program. The clinical training program for two semesters involves a clinical application of principles and skills acquired, based on a comprehensive approach in the oral health care.

41) DDS410 Clinical Operative Dentistry-II (2 cr. /h)

The course of operative dentistry consists of the prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of the diseases and injuries inflicted upon the teeth. It serves as a defining clinical experience for the dental students by providing them with the opportunity to participate in the evaluation and management of discolored, fractured and endodontically treated teeth. The curriculum includes both didactic and clinical components, and involves a clinical training program. The clinical training program involves a clinical application of principles and skills acquired, based on a comprehensive approach in the oral health care.

42) DDS402 Clinical Prosthodontics-I (2 cr. /h.)

This course consists of two main components - complete denture, and removable partial denture prosthodontics. Prosthodontic treatment planning principles are provided in lectures and the group seminars. The didactic component focuses on planning and integrating removable prosthodontic interventions within a continuum of comprehensive patient care. The clinical instructors will ensure that the knowledge acquired in the preclinical years of studying is towards evidence-based decision making regarding prosthodontic management of patients partially and completely edentulous jaws. The course will be presented in lectures and clinical sessions, the lectures cover various clinical techniques, the manipulation of dental materials, and how to use dental instruments and equipment.

43) DDS411 Clinical Prosthodontics-II (2 cr. /h)

The clinical fixed partial denture prosthodontics course consists of the theoretical part and the clinical training. The students should know how to do clinical examination, proper diagnosis and sound treatment plan. At the end of this course all students will be familiar with the best techniques of fixed partial dentures treatment, and will develop their manual dexterity in all clinical aspects for the construction of this type of prosthesis. Every student should complete all the requirements needed, recognize the importance of the preservation of the prepared teeth, periodontal tissues, and other soft tissues of the oral cavity while performing all types of restorations.

44) DDS403 Clinical Endodontics-I (2 cr. /h.)

This Course aims to enable the students to diagnose the need for endodontic therapy. Previous endodontic courses presented a biologic foundation relating to endodontic clinical diagnosis. Students are provided with the basic concepts of diagnosis and treatment planning including medically compromised patients. Advanced endodontic techniques and/ or treatment modalities for the following conditions are also discussed: endodontic retreatment, apexification and apexogenesis, internal and external resorption, traumatic injuries to teeth.

45) DDS412 Clinical Endodontics-II (2 cr. /h)

This Course aims to enable the students to gain knowledge and experience in endodontic treatment. Students are provided with the techniques used to determine success or failure of Endodontic treatment and the indication and contraindication of endodontic surgery, describing procedures and materials. Advanced endodontic techniques and/ or treatment modalities for the following conditions are also discussed: single visit root canal therapy, bleaching of discolored teeth, restoring endodontically treated teeth and relationship of orthodontic treatment, periodontal lesion to endodontic treatment.

46) DDS404 Clinical Paediatric Dentistry-I (2 cr. /h.)

This course will reinforce basic knowledge developed during third year preclinical course, and facilitate continued development as the student performs routine pediatric dentistry procedures commonly employed in general dental practice. This course will also provide the fourth year dental student with a defining clinical experience that will include: diagnosis, prevention and treatment of the different pathological conditions in pediatric patients; classification, diagnosis and management of different traumatic injuries of oral & dental structures in primary and permanent teeth. Objectives of this course are to develop the foundational knowledge, skills and values necessary to independently perform diagnostic and clinical skills and participate safely in the care of pediatric patients.

47) DDS413 Clinical Paediatric Dentistry-II (2 cr. /h.)

This course intends to inform and provide the dental student with sufficient knowledge on indications, techniques used in pharmacological methods of child's management including sedation and GA in management of anxious children. This course will also provide the fourth year dental student the team approach for the management of cleft lip & palate child at the level of the undergraduate students, dental management of special health care need children. They are also taught interceptive orthodontic methods in a growing child. Child abuse and neglect are discussed in relation to pediatric dentistry.

48) DDS405 Clinical Orthodontics-I (2 cr. /h.)

This course introduces the dental student to the practice of orthodontics. The primary goal of this experience is to reinforce didactic concepts taught in the third year and build upon them in a manner that will better prepare the student to recognize, communicate and manage orthodontic problems in the general dentistry setting. In this manner, the student will be able to make proper diagnosis and differential diagnosis of patients of all ages, plan and execute the treatment of selected uncomplicated malocclusion cases.

49) DDS414 Clinical Orthodontics-II (2 cr. /h.)

This course is intended to complement the orthodontic lectures and the pre-doctoral orthodontic experience; it will provide for each student to briefly present a clinical case and to view a large number of clinical orthodontic cases and establish combination between orthodontic treatment and the other four dental specialties - Pedodontics, Periodontics, Prosthodontics and Oral Surgery. Multidisciplinary treatment approaches will be discussed in the lectures. Clinically, they will be discussed in the patient examination and diagnosis sessions.

50) DDS406 Oral Diagnosis & Oral Medicine (3 cr. /h.)

This course describes in details the art of history taking, examination, investigation of oro-facial lesions and interpretation of the results of investigations. The course also will help the students to learn etiopathogenesis of local disease processes in orofacial area along with oral manifestation of systemic diseases affecting the oral mucosa. Students are provided with the basic concept of oral manifestation of psychiatric diseases and their management.

51) DDS408 Clinical Periodontics-I (2 cr. /h.)

The lecture and clinical training will prepare the students to understand the clinical phenomena in terms of underlying tissue changes and comprehensive nature of periodontal response to therapy. The course focuses on differential diagnosis, prognosis and treatment planning of different forms of periodontal diseases. The solution of periodontal problems can be incorporated into the practice of dentistry.

52) DDS415 Clinical Periodontics-II (2 cr. /h.)

This course consists of a didactic and clinical component. It will cover: The treatment of different types of periodontal diseases. The interrelation between periodontics and related dental specialties. Introduction to the surgical approaches in the management of moderate to advanced periodontal diseases. To distinguish acute and chronic (mild, moderate and advanced) form of periodontal diseases and management by non-surgical and surgical treatment. To expose the students to focus on objectives of periodontal therapy, treatment planning and techniques including pre-prosthetic, pre-restorative, reconstructive surgery and knowledge necessary for advanced periodontal regeneration procedures.

53) DDS409 Clinical Oral Surgery-I (2 cr. /h.)

This course will reinforce basic knowledge developed during third year preclinical course, and facilitate continued development as the student performs routine oral surgery procedures commonly employed in general dental practice. This course serves as a defining clinical experience for the dental students by providing them with the opportunity to participate in the evaluation and management of surgical patients such as with intraoral lesions, maxillary sinus and salivary gland pathologies to name a few. Objectives of this course are to develop the foundational knowledge, skills and values necessary to independently perform diagnostic and clinical skills and participate safely in the care of surgical patients.

54) DDS416 Clinical Oral Surgery-II (2 cr. /h.)

The purpose of Clinical Oral Surgery II is to prepare the student to recognize advanced oral and maxillofacial surgery problems that in most cases will require referral to an oral and maxillofacial surgeon. Discussions will include diagnostic and treatment considerations relative to cases that require referral to an oral and maxillofacial surgeon as well as those that may be treated by the general dentist. The course will also describe the characteristics and surgical management of the more common trauma, anomalies and malignancies of the oral & maxillofacial region.

55) DDS507 Treatment Planning & Seminars-I (2 cr. /h.)

Problem Oriented Learning (POL) is an instructional strategy to help students acquire and integrate basic science, behavioral, and clinical knowledge in the context of solving a patient problem. POL is one of many instructional techniques used to teach problem solving. Problem Oriented Learning course is designed to give the students the experience to apply lecture materials to life-like situations and allows the student to experience the process as seen in daily clinical practice.

56) DDS511 Treatment Planning & Seminars-II (2 cr. /h.)

This course is developed to give the students the experience to analyze their clinical cases, in order to enhance their clinical capability and patient management using case studies and patients presented by students. Treatment Planning & Seminar II will help the students to acquire and integrate their basic science, behavioral and clinical knowledge in the context of solving a patient’s problem, including communication and ethical aspects. Topics presented are in a multidisciplinary field of dentistry, such as ethics, health care delivery, communication skills and practice management. Ethics related cases discussions will provide the needed experience to the dental students to the medico-legal aspects related to their future practice, in the fields of: Medical Ethics, Medical Responsibility and Forensic Medicine.

57) DDS512 Research Project (1 cr. /h.)

The course is designed to enable the student to conduct a research project under the guidance of a teaching faculty. Students learn how to approach a research topic of interest, apply the basic principles of research design and to formulate the appropriate methodology and analysis for the research.

58) DDS503 Clinical Dentistry-I (6 cr. /h.)

The purpose of this course is to reinforce and refine patient management skills that students have been introduced to in the fourth year courses. It is designed to observe, evaluate, and subsequently assist students in understanding and practicing proper comprehensive patient care and management. This course focuses on refinement and integration of clinical skills. It does not contain any formal theoretical lecturing. Students are assigned in clinical blocks for patient care and treatment planning. These treatment plans and completed treatment are discussed, and are evaluated as to the rationale and sequences used. Taught by an interdisciplinary faculty, this course considers strategies and approaches for the integration of isolated dental procedures into an appropriately sequenced treatment plan for comprehensive patient care.

59) DDS508 Clinical Dentistry-II (7 cr. /h.)

This course is a continuation of Clinical Dentistry I, and does not contain any formal theoretical lecturing. Small group clinical discussions and demonstrations will be taken by the faculty. It is designed to provide students with more clinical experience in the care of patients with a focus on an advanced comprehensive care and treatment planning. Students are assigned in clinical blocks for patient care and treatment planning. All treatment options are discussed so that the student learns the fundamentals of good treatment planning and patient care. Taught by an interdisciplinary faculty, this course considers strategies and approaches for the integration of isolated dental procedures into an appropriately sequenced treatment plan for comprehensive patient care. The course mainly focuses on improving the quality of comprehensive care expected of a graduating student.

60) DDS502 Geriatric Dentistry (1 cr. /h.)

This course focuses on issues and concerns related to the rapidly increasing elderly population. It also provide the student with an understanding of the aging process and the multidisciplinary needs of the older patient. Myths and stereotypes about aging and the aged, which exist and influence the provision of health care to the older population, will be discussed and expelled. It will provide the student with a framework of knowledge about the biological, psychological, sociological, behavioral and general medical aspects of aging from which treatment can be planned and provided appropriately. A multidisciplinary team of speakers will present approaches that will help the student in integrating dental training and practice with the management, diagnosis and treatment of the older patient.

61) DDS501 Ethics (1cr. /h.)

Dental ethics is the systematic and critical study of morality as it pertains to the practice of dentistry. The course consists of 16 hours of classroom lecture and discussion. It is designed to heighten students' awareness of the importance of ethical issues as they relate to dentistry. The curriculum provides students with an understanding of ethical principles, which have direct relevance to students’ training and future practice experience. It focuses on common ethical dilemmas found in the relationships between dentist and patient, between dentists themselves, and between dentist and society.

62) DDS504 Applied Biostatistics (2 cr. /h.)

This course provides the dental students with the necessary background of specific statistics relevant to the medical / dental fields in addition to adequate knowledge of study design in medical & dental research, enabling the dental student to critically evaluate and apply the appropriate statistics to dental and medical research.

63) DDS513 Practice Management (1cr. /h)

This course is designed to provide the senior dental student with a general introduction to the basic principles of dental practice management. Primary focus will be on developing an understanding of various management concepts, processes & its role in obtaining an effective overall management of dental practice. The topics focused on include staff management, patient management, legal concepts and terminologies, office design, equipment placement, occupational hazard, appointments management, records management, dental insurance system, inventory and supply management.

64) DDS514 Equipment Maintenance (1cr. /h)

This course focus on basic principles of various dental equipment, their operations and general preventive maintenance procedures. It also covers basic electrical theories and electrical safety precautions while dealing with dental equipment. Additionally advances in dental equipment technologies will also be covered in this course. This course helps the students to build the required skills and confidence to perform routine maintenance and minor repairs without the help of Biomedical technicians/Engineers.

65) DDS505 Emergency Dental Care (2 cr. /h.)

This course provides a study of dental office emergencies with emphasis on prevention, prompt recognition and effective emergency care. Emphasis is also placed on etiology of common chronic oral diseases, treatment of specific dental emergencies and applicable assessment methods used in the prevention of emergencies related to the particular disease process. The course also deals with the use of emergency drugs and equipment.

66) DDS509 Hospital Dentistry (2 cr. /h.)

Fifth year students are assigned for six weeks to an affiliated hospital. During this rotations, students are assigned to hospitalized patients to reinforce principles of physical diagnosis for patients with severe medical problems, learn to request and answer consultations.

67) DDS510 Lasers & Modern Technology (1 cr. /h.)

This course is designed to provide the students with the fundamentals of laser technology and its use in dental practice including oral and maxillofacial surgery, periodontics, preventive and operative dentistry with more emphasis on the understanding and appreciation of laser safety measures. In addition, this course will introduce the students to some of the latest technologies in the dental field and their applications.

68) DDS506 Implantology (1 cr. /h.)

This comprehensive lecture course presents the scientific basis and clinical applications of modern dental implantology techniques, and cover both the surgical procedures and periodontics and prosthodontics consideration in implant dentistry. Students perform implantology procedures in Lab setting.

69) DDS417 Internal Clinical Training Fourth Year (2 cr. /h.)

This clinical course is in the summer semester of the fourth year of the dental curriculum. It is designed to provide students with clinical experience in the care of patients in the areas of Periodontics, Operative Dentistry, Endodontics, Pediatric Dentistry and Oral Surgery with a focus on comprehensive care and treatment planning. There is no theoretical component to this course. Students are assigned patients having various dental problems, and they have to formulate a comprehensive diagnosis and treatment planning, including patient and clinical management.

70) DDS515 Internal Clinical Training Fifth Year (2 cr. /h.)

This clinical course is in the summer semester of the fifth year of study. It is designed to provide students with clinical experience in the care of patients in the areas of Periodontics, Operative Dentistry, Endodontics, Pediatric Dentistry and Oral Surgery with a focus on comprehensive care and treatment planning. There is no theoretical component to this course. It reinforces and refines the student’s knowledge and skill required for the graduate level of clinical practice of dentistry. Students are assigned patients having various dental problems, and they have to formulate a comprehensive diagnosis and treatment planning, including patient and clinical management. Students are expected to perform comprehensive care at an advanced level from that of the previous summer semester.