Bachelor of Architecture

  • Total # of Credit hours
    159

Program Overview

Mission

The mission of the Department of Architecture is to provide the society with graduates qualified for successful professional career in Architecture. The department focuses on teaching students the fundamental theoretical and practical principles of Architecture and their application to solving real-world problems. Consistent with its mission, the Department of Architecture developed a learning program consisting of a number of practical and theoretical courses.

Goals

The main goals of the Architecture curriculum are to produce graduates who are:

  • Equipped with design abilities to meet the requirements of architectural profession. This is based on theoretical knowledge and practical skills.

  • Equipped with technical skills and their applications to solving design problems.

  • Equipped with knowledge of local needs to enable them to adequately compete within the local and international professional environments.

Admission Requirements

Admission to the Architecture program requires a UAE secondary school certificate or its equivalent, with a minimum acceptable grade of 70% Advanced or 80% General. For more information please refer to the university admissions policy.

Enrollment and Graduation Data
  Academic Year
Students 2014-2015 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Enrollment 90 83 109 69 39
Graduation 79 92 87 68 82
Career Opportunities

Because of the multidisciplinary nature of the curriculum, graduates are qualified for employment in a variety of areas. They can work, for example, as designers and construction managers, or join city planning or community agencies and governmental authorities. Alternatively they can become building contractors. As graduates are trained in problem-solving they are able to adapt to a range of jobs in both the public and private sector.

Graduation Requirements

The Bachelor of Architecture is awarded upon fulfillment of the following:

  • Successful completion of all courses in the prescribed curriculum

  • Successful completion of four months’ engineering training

  • The Cumulative Grade Point Average CGPA is at least 2.0.

Program Learning Outcomes

Program learning outcomes

The following are the outcomes and the relevant abbreviations for the Architecture program

No.

 

Architecture Program Outcomes

Knowledge

PLOs

 

K1

PO1

Demonstrate philosophy and ideology of architecture.

K2

PO2

Comprehend and apply and the knowledge of social, cultural and environmental studies in design proposals.

K3

PO3

Comprehend and apply the knowledge of science, mathematics and technology

K4

PO4

Comprehend and apply the knowledge of architectural practice and management.

Skills

 

 

S1

PO5

Conceptualize, conceive and coordinated design in realm of contemporary issues and challenges of built environment.

S2

PO6

Communicate, demonstrate and implement the architectural solutions clearly

S3

PO7

Propose the architectural design in context of modern technology and engineering and through appropriate computer applications

Competencies Autonomy and responsibility

 

 

C1

PO8

Apply the problem-solving approach in conducting experiments, analyzing and interpreting data in proposed architectural design.  

C2

PO9

Work independently as well as in teams across technical or professional activities.

Role in context

 

 

C3

PO10

Team with multidisciplinary professions engaged in building design and construction process.

Self-development

 

 

C4

PO11

Comprehend and apply the professional and ethical responsibilities in architectural practice and management

C5

PO12

Identify and adopt the market trends to compete in professional market.

Program Structure and Credit Hours

Degree Requirement

The B. degree in Architecture requires the completion of 159 Cr. Hrs. circulated according to the following plan:

Type of Courses

Credit hours

1. University General Education Requirements

 

(a) University Required Courses

15

(b) University Elective Courses

12

2. College Required courses

6

4. Specialization required courses

110

4. Specialization Elective courses

6

5 Graduation projects I & II

10

Total Credit Hours

159

UNIVERSITY GENERAL EDUCATION REQUIREMENTS

(a) University Required Courses (15 Cr.Hrs.)

Course No.

Course Title

Th.

Lab.

Tut.

Cr. Hrs.

Prerequisite

ORN111

 Orientation

1

0

0

0

-

ISL 112

Islamic Culture Non-Arabs

3

0

0

3

-

ISL 114

Islamic Culture

3

0

1

3

-

ARB 113

Arabic Written Expression

3

0

0

3

-

ARB116

Arabic as a Foreign Language

3

0

0

3

-

ENG104

Advanced English Writing

3

0

0

3

-

EMS112

Emiratis Studies

3

0

0

3

-

ENV 111

Innovation & Entrepreneurship

3

0

0

3

-

(b)University Elective Courses (12 Cr.Hrs.)

Course No.

Course Title

Th.

Lab.

Tut.

Cr. Hrs.

Prerequisite

ART111

Introduction to Art

3

0

0

3

-

ART112

Intro. to Aesthetics

3

0

0

3

-

ART113

Introduction to Performing Art

3

0

0

3

-

FRE212

Francophone World: Language and Culture

3

0

0

3

-

ISH211

Islamic Civilization

3

0

0

3

-

LAW106

Human Rights

3

0

0

3

-

WLT115

World Literature

3

0

0

3

-

INF112

Media Culture

3

0

0

3

-

LAW112

Work Ethics

3

0

0

3

-

LED111

Leadership & Team Building

3

0

0

3

-

PSY111

General Psychology

3

0

0

3

-

SSW111

Social Responsibility

3

0

0

3

-

THI211

Critical Thinking

3

0

0

3

-

MTH112

Calculus1

3

0

0

3

-

SAT114

General Statistics

2

2

0

3

-

College Required Courses (6 Cr. Hrs.)

Course No.

Course Title

Th.

Lab.

Tut.

Cr. Hrs.

Prerequisite

ARC 112

Engineering Graphics

1

4

0

3

  ---

ARC 171

Building Sciences

3

0

0

3

  ---

(b) Specialization Required Courses & Graduation Projects (120 Cr.Hrs.)

Course No.

Course Title

Th.

Lab.

Tut.

Cr. Hrs.

Prerequisite

ARC 100

Introduction to Design

1

4

0

3

---

ARC 114

Sketching & Perspective

2

4

0

4

---

ARC 101

Architectural Design I

2

4

0

4

ARC 100

ARC 121

History of Architecture

3

0

0

3

---

ARC 200

Architectural Design II

2

4

0

4

ARC 101

ARC 201

Architectural Design III

2

6

0

5

ARC 200

ARC 233

Building Construction

2

2

0

3

ARC112

ARC 241

Surveying for Architects

1

2

0

2

---

ARC 243

Structure Analysis

2

2

0

3

ARC 171 & MTH 112

ARC 251

CAAD I

1

4

0

3

ARC 112

ARC 252

CAAD II

1

4

0

3

ARC 251 or BID 121

ARC253

Building Information Modelling (BIM)

1

4

0

3

ARC 252

ARC 261

Environmental Behavior

3

0

0

3

---

ARC 300

Architectural Design IV

2

6

0

5

ARC 201

ARC 301

Architectural Design V

2

6

0

5

ARC300

ARC 321

Modern & Contemporary Architecture

3

0

0

3

---

ARC 331

Advanced Building Technology

2

2

0

3

ARC 233

ARC 332

Building Services

2

2

0

3

ARC 331

ARC 333

Working Drawings & Construction Details

1

4

0

3

ARC 331

ARC 342

Structure Design

2

2

0

3

ARC 243

ARC 351

Generative/Parametric Design

1

4

0

3

ARC 252

ARC 361

Housing Design & Theory

3

0

0

3

ARC 201

ARC 362

Landscape Architecture

2

2

0

3

ARC 200

ARC 371

Active Thermal Control

2

2

0

3

ARC 171

ARC 372

Sustainable Architecture

3

0

0

3

ARC 171

ARC 400

Architectural Design VI

2

6

0

5

ARC 301

ARC 461

Urban Planning

3

0

0

3

ARC 361

ARC 401

Urban Design

2

6

0

5

ARC 400

ARC 421

Heritage Conservation

2

2

0

3

ARC 121

ARC 471

Lighting & Acoustics in Architecture

2

2

0

3

ARC 171

ARC 500

Graduation Project I

3

4

0

5

ARC 400

ARC 501

Graduation Project II

1

8

0

5

ARC 500

ARC 530

Architectural Practice & Cost Estimation

3

0

0

3

ARC 333

ARC 532

Project Management

3

0

0

3

ARC 333

ARC 536

Architectural Training I

1

0

0

8 Weeks

Year 3 & Architectural Design V ARC301

ARC 537

Architectural Training II

1

0

0

8 Weeks

Year 4 & Architectural Training I ARC536

(c) Specialization Electives courses (6 Cr.Hrs.)

The student will take two of the following Specialization Electives as approved by the academic advisor.

The registration in these courses is conditioned by having passed and earned 100 Cr.Hrs.

Course No.

Course Title

Th.

Lab.

Tut.

Cr. Hrs.

Prerequisite

ARC432

Working Drawing II

1

4

0

3

ARC 333

ARC 580

Selected Topics in Architecture

3

0

0

3

Year 4

ARC 581

Interior Design & Coloring

1

4

0

3

Year 4

ARC 582

Real Estate Development

3

3

0

3

Year 4 & ARC 361

ARC 583

Photography

1

4

0

3

Year 4

ARC 585

Research & Design Methods

3

0

0

3

Year 4

ARC 587

Contemporary Arab Architecture

3

0

0

3

Year 4 & ARC 321

ARC590

Digital Architecture Visualization

1

4

0

3

Year 4 & ARC 253

Courses Descriptions

ARC 100 Introduction to Design (1, 4, 0: 3)

pre-requisite: none

This course aims to introduce students to the basic elements of design, its principles, and the perception and understanding of abstract composition within an analytical method. It aims also to bring an insight into concepts of architecture: space, form, enclosure and quality of space, principles of design like harmony, symmetry etc. and their application.

ARC 114 Sketching & Perspective (2, 4, 0: 4)

pre-requisite: none

This course aims to introduce students to principles of one point and two point’s exterior and interior perspectives. This course would then enable students to become creative and imaginative whilst improving their sketching.  The course also examines the language of architectural form and deals with the techniques of analyzing and representing it by different means of rendering.

Students learn how to form architectural 3D forms manipulating the shade and shadow of several architectural drawings.

ARC 112 Engineering Graphics (1, 4, 0: 3)

pre-requisite: none

This course aims to familiarize students with principles of Parallel-line drawings, orthogonal projections and rendering.

In addition to 2D and 3D set of drawings for various architectural projects.

ARC 171 Building Sciences (3, 0, 0: 3)

pre-requisite: none

This course aims to familiarize students with basic principles and means of measurement and design of technical aspects of building design.

ARC 101 Architectural Design I (2, 4, 0: 4)

pre-requisite: ARC 100

This course aims to introduce students to basic elements and principles of architectural design. Through a series of step-by-step exercises, students are invited to work on Theories of Proportion, Form and Space definition, spatial and functional relationships. Students, through the design of a small-scale project, will draw upon how to develop their architectural thinking and problem-solving skills.

ARC 200 Architectural Design II (2, 4, 0: 4)

pre-requisite: ARC 101

develop an architectural project based on a building program and site. Issues concerning building assemblies, structural systems, building envelope systems, and environmental systems are covered.

ARC 201 Architectural Design III (2, 6, 0: 5)

pre-requisite: ARC 200

This second-year studio course focuses upon the understanding of architectural convention in relation to cultural, sociological and general human related aspects. Based on a socio-cultural understanding of design students are encouraged to develop their analytical problem-solving skills. Furthermore, this studio course introduces strategies of architectural design. Students develop an architectural project based on a building program and site. Issues concerning building assemblies, structural systems, building envelope systems, and environmental systems are covered.

ARC 121 History of Architecture (3, 0, 0: 3: 3)

pre-requisite: none

This course introduces students to the development of Architecture from Ancient Civilizations to Islamic times.  The course involves a brief review of Early Historic, Classical Architecture; from Early Christian through Gothic architecture till end of nineteenth century, as well as the historic architecture of the Islamic world.

 Students will be taught about major features and design concepts that helped shape historic buildings of these ancient, classical and medieval periods. A major concern of the course is the discussion of various themes, principles, theories, and terms needed to develop such architectural heritage.  Students are given the knowledge and skills to analyze and assess building forms, design concepts/ elements, materials and techniques employed in those historic eras.    

ARC 233 Building Construction (2, 2, 0: 3)

pre-requisite: ARC 112

This course aims to introduce students to basic concepts and properties of building structural components and their materials. He will be able to analyze main stress directions and select a relevant structural system (short/ medium span) for the project at hand. It also aims to familiarize students with water, damp proofing, enclosure system (windows and doors), internal finishing materials (partitions, flooring, ceiling) and means of vertical circulation. In this course students will be acquainted with various finishing materials, their properties, and their means of application.

 

ARC 241 Surveying for Architects (1, 2, 0: 2)

pre-requisite: none

The aim of this course is to introduce and teach the basic rules and techniques of land surveying. The students will examine different tools as part of surveying techniques and methods and transfer these results to land measurement and dimension.

 

ARC 243 Structural Analysis (2, 2, 0: 3)

pre-requisites: ARC 171 & MTH 112

The aim of this course is to introduce the concepts and principles of structural analysis and behavior of materials and structural elements.

 

ARC 251 CAAD I (1, 4, 0: 3)

pre-requisites: ARC 112

This course aims to introduce students to 2D Computer Aided Architectural Design drafting process. The course introduces students to computer aided architectural design tool, giving them an opportunity to develop computer skills in their architectural design projects. They will use, manipulate and apply CAAD software, enabling them to make drafting and presentation of their projects. After taking this course, students should be able to use this tool in their respective design courses and studios.

 

ARC 252 CAAD II (1,4, 0: 3)

pre-requisite: ARC 251

This course aims to introduce students to Computer 3d modelling programs such as 3DMax or Sketch up, and how to use them to model an architectural project. The course introduces students to virtual three-dimensional space and modelling through the use of 3d modelling software. The course set up students to use CAAD in their respective design studios to visualize concepts and proposed designs.

 

ARC 300 Architectural Design IV (2, 6, 0: 5)

pre-requisite: ARC 201

This course aims to develop students’ expertise in synthesizing architectural design problem(s), of a single-use building complex. The course deals with applying design strategy for a complex building that has multifunction approach. The student will have the opportunity to develop a preliminary program space analysis related to the selected site and develop design scenario that meet the project needs taking into consideration the surrounding environment and the topography of the area and all other design related factors.

 

ARC 331 Advanced Building Technology (2, 2, 0: 3)

pre-requisites: ARC 233

This course aims to introduce students to advanced building systems & technologies and means of deploying them in buildings.

ARC 342 Structural Design (2, 2, 0: 3)

pre-requisite: ARC 243

The aim of this course is to introduce the design of structural members of concrete and steel elements.

ARC 253 Building Information Modeling (BIM) (1, 4, 0: 3)

 Pre-requisite: ARC 252

This is a digital-oriented and practical course that aims to familiarize students with the concept of Building Information Modelling (BIM), mainly the students will be introduced to the concept of BIM, and how the architectural components are different from other previously learned platforms like CAD. Students will learn how to model both conceptual and detailed architectural models, and how they can generate the required documentation out of their designs. By the end of this course, students will be able to model different architectural families and make presentations with colored plans and elevations placed into well-designed architectural sheets. They should also be able to analyze their final building design performance, and see how it can response to light and energy, estimate their building material requirements and make the required BOQ.

ARC 301 Architectural Design V (2, 6, 0: 5)

 pre-requisite: ARC 300

This course aims to familiarize students with issues concerning the nature of multi-use design problems, design solutions, design strategy, and design process. The project will be in an infill site to analyze the contextual surrounding and environment and to determine its impact in the design approach.

 

ARC 321 Modern and Contemporary Architecture (3, 0, 0: 3)

pre-requisite: None

This course aims to familiarize students with modern architectural theories from the beginning of the 20th century to the present time. The course will enable students to understand various concepts and thoughts reflected in many examples of contemporary architecture. Students will learn the circumstances giving rise to the architectural development and transformation periods during the 20th century. Particular emphasis will be made on the influence of Modern Movement and International style on traditional architecture of the region.

 

ARC 333 Working Drawing & Construction Details (1, 4, 0: 3)

pre-requisite: ARC 331

Introduce students to basic skills and concepts of architectural working drawings and construction details. Students will learn the basic language of architectural drafting and understand the process of producing a set of architectural drawings. They will be taught how to produce detailed drawings for their architectural design projects according to the existing official local building codes and international standards and regulations.

ARC 361 Housing Design & Theory (2, 2, 0: 3)

pre-requisite: ARC 201

This course aims to introduce students to basic concepts and skills of accomplishing residential housing development. The major practical part of this course will be co-requisite with Architectural Design VI where students translate their ideas into practice.

 

ARC 362 Landscape Architecture (2, 2, 0: 3)

pre-requisite: ARC 200

This course aims to introduce students to basic developments and concepts of landscape architecture. Students will draw upon both deductive and inductive thinking skills to develop their capabilities to simultaneously solve design problems while giving expression to landscape phenomena. Students will work on landscape architectural projects taking in consideration basic sustainable issues.

ARC 332 Building Services (2, 2, 0: 3)

pre-requisite: ARC 331

This course prepares the students to deal with the various aspects concerning installations of various services in buildings. It allows students to participate in the development of building designs within a multidisciplinary team.

ARC 400 Architectural Design VI (2, 6, 0: 5)

pre-requisite: ARC 301

This course aims to familiarize students with architectural programming and design of a large-scale mixed-use housing project. The purpose of the course to make the students aware of residential housing layout and master planning for housing community and neighborhood and the design space for low rise housing units, midrise compound and high-rise residential tower.

ARC 351 Generative / Parametric Design (1, 4, 0: 3)

pre-requisite: ARC 252

The main objective of the course is to help students gain the intellectual skills that are necessary within the realm of digital design practice in architecture. The ways of computational thinking will be introduced and experienced through exercises which focus on computational problem solving, cognitive models, generative systems, shape grammars, spatial configurations and design tool development. “Learning by doing” is a crucial approach for the course. Therefore, the course content will be performed through workshops and design assignments which will be worked by using and developing several types of design tools from manual to digital. By the end of this course students should be able to digitally fabricate their design and assemble them into physical models.

ARC 371 Active Thermal Environmental Control (2, 2, 0: 3)

 pre-requisite: ARC 171

This course aims to introduce students to basic concepts of active thermal systems, their design and applications, and how to design buildings which need less of them.

The UAE uses up to 80% of its electricity consumption on air conditioning. The student is guided towards how to design buildings that can reduce this figure.

ARC 471 Lighting & Acoustics in Architecture (2, 2, 0: 3)

pre-requisite: 171

This course aims to familiarize students with basic principles and means of the Design and Measurement of Lighting and Acoustics in Architecture, as well as its Impact on the Environment.

 

ARC 461 Urban Planning (3, 0, 0: 3)

pre-requisite: ARC 361

This course aims to introduce students to the history, theory and development of urban planning and its systems and processes. The students will be introduced to definitions and vocabularies in urban planning and city development.

ARC 401 Urban Design (2, 6, 0: 5)

pre-requisite: ARC 400

This course aims to familiarize students with basic concepts and processes of urban design. The students deal with real project and develop an existing area as part of new vision for the area under study. In addition, the students will apply the principles of urban design as part of setting the criteria for urban development.

ARC 261 Environmental Behavior (3,0,0:3)

Pre-requisite: None

The aim of this course is to teach students how to apply the psychological and aesthetic factors in their design projects, as well as to improve the students’ creativity and thinking ability. Students will learn basics of human behavior and draw from what drives us forward in life, what are our expectations and demands from space. They will be taught how to analyze the Principles of how we see and understand space. They will also study the concept of human spatial behavior and how spatial behavior and spatial characteristics can be measured Investigate and draw upon the relationship of spatial behavior and characteristics.

ARC 421 Heritage Conservation (2, 2, 0: 3)

pre-requisite: ARC 121

This course aims to introduce students to methods and techniques of architectural conservation, the course explores the emergence of historic conservation, preservation and their consequences. The course tackles the main approaches of heritage conservation, restoration, rehabilitation, reconstruction, renovation and preservation.

ARC 500 Graduation Project 1 (3, 4, 0: 5)

 pre-requisites: ARC 400

This is an objectively oriented course aims to familiarize students to the methods of architectural programming and particularly for the preparation of their graduation design project’s report. The student, as individual component as element of a group work, will select a title graduation project and prepare all the related research information as a detailed report (thesis). After the Mid-term Review the student will develop the conceptual design process and design strategies which will include conceptual, space analysis, site analysis and architectural design alternatives as architectural document for graduation project II.

 

ARC 530 Architectural Practice & Cost Estimation (3, 0, 0: 3)

Pre-requisite: ARC 333

This course aims to provide students with knowledge and skills of professional practices for architects according to the code of conduct. The course challenges students to explore a range of legal, ethical, and professional questions they will face in practice.

ARC 501 Graduation Project II (1, 8, 0: 5)

 Pre-requisite: ARC 500

This course aims to finalize the students’ design education achieving excellence and mastering all parts of the architectural design process. The student applies the knowledge and skills that he obtained in a comprehensive graduation project covering the conceptual stage, stages of development, site related issues, structural and construction needs, social and cultural relationship, and computer application in design development and presentation.

ARC 372 Sustainable Architecture (3, 0, 0, 3)

Pre-requisite: ARC 171

This course aims to introduce students to basic concepts of sustainable design and its application in architecture considering environment and quality of space. The course provides students with a thorough understanding of the nature and scope of sustainable architecture and of the components of sustainable design. Students will be able to select best forms and smart construction materials for design in different regions to produce sustainable buildings and reduce energy use. Students also will be get acquainted with relevant computer applications used in sustainable design, analysis and calculations of energy use in buildings.

 

ARC 532 Project Management (3, 0, 0, 3)

Pre-requisite: ARC 333

The course will assist the student to understand the position of a manager on site. The in-depth study will train the student to apply various aspects of project management such as; organization planning, implementation, controlling tasks, project scheduling, cost controlling, and performance evolution.

 

ARC 580 Selected Topics in Architecture (3, 0, 0: 3)

 Pre-requisite: Year 4

This course introduces students to how to discuss and trigger the most important issues vital to their academic and professional development. It helps them organize their thoughts and interests in a systematic way in relation to their architecture education. The course also enables students to express various progress in architectural education of a special field both orally, by writing and graphically.

 

ARC 581 Interior Design and Coloring (1, 4, 0: 3)

 Pre-requisite: ARC100 & Year 4

This course aims to enhance students’ skills in interior space drawing and coloring. This course primarily highlights Color as the key aspect of successful work in Interior Design and Architecture. In this course students develop a complete understanding of what color is, why it happens and how to control it thereby contributing to the visual and aesthetic experience of color as an important determinant of the experience. They will also acquire a technical expertise in the use of color specifically the painting techniques and application methods. They will be equipped with essential knowledge and skills to undertake good color planning skills for both the residential and public spaces based on mature color judgments.

 

ARC 585 Research and Design Methods (3, 0, 0: 3)

Pre-requisite: Year 4

This course aims to introduce students to basic theories, concepts and methods of scientific research and their relevance to architectural design and programming. In this course students will learn, in brief, how to conduct scientific architectural research, starting with how to employ methods of data collection and analysis to inform all aspects of the programming and design process, and ending with making a comprehensive analysis and evaluation of a building, building complex, or urban space.

 

ARC 432 Working Drawings II (1, 4, 0: 3)

pre-requisite Year 4 & ARC 333

The purpose of this course is to utilize drafting skills in architectural drafting procedures, practices, and symbols including the preparation of detailed working drawings for a tall multistory building, with emphasis on required facilities and services. The course will include site visits for such kind of buildings in UAE.

ARC 583 Photography (1, 4, 0: 3)

pre-requisite Year 4

This course aims to introduce students to the basic skills and technology of digital photography. In addition, the students will be given information on photography hardware and equipment. The course will enhance the student’s skill in photographic techniques necessary to document their work, and create quality photographical work.

 

ARC 587 Contemporary Arab Architecture (3, 0, 0: 3)

pre-requisite Year 4 & ARC 321

This course aims at providing students with recent architectural trends and developments in the Arab World during the 20th century and the present time. In this course students will be taught about the general circumstances underlying architectural development and transformation periods in the Arab World during the 20th century. They will be able to understand the identity concept in architecture and various issues connected with it, particularly those connected with regionalism and globalization in architecture and the different approaches employed. Students will also be familiar with theories and conceptual approaches of most of the pioneers of contemporary architecture of the Arab World.

 

ARC 582 Real Estate Development (3, 0, 0: 3)

pre-requisite Year 4 & ARC 361

This course aims to introduce students to basic concepts and theories of real estate development and management. The course introduces students to the fundamentals of urban economics, real estate analysis and valuation. Specific topics covered include the property asset and space markets, real estate development, feasibility and market.

 

ARC 590 Digital Architecture Visualization (1, 4, 0: 3)

pre-requisite Year 4 & ARC 253

This course encourages students to use rendering early and photo editing earlier in the design process. It aims to help students to create photo-realistic images, by introducing advanced knowledge in coloring, photo-editing, lighting, materials, contexts, and reflections, presented in practical entire design project.

Digital visualization can be achieved in different computer applications, whether via 2D photo editing and illustrating software or by using specialized rendering engines that empower the 3D applications to reach photo-realistic images. This course will allow students to use their computer to create sophisticated digital presentations for their designs, and provide a new updated skill that make them critically required in any design team.